Radiation that has both electric and magnetic fields and travels in waves. It comes from natural and man-made sources. Electromagnetic radiation can vary in strength from low energy to high energy. It includes radio waves, microwaves, infrared light, visible light, ultraviolet light, x-rays, and gamma rays.
What do you mean by electromagnetic energy?
Electromagnetic radiation is a form of energy that propagates as both electrical and magnetic waves traveling in packets of energy called photons. There is a spectrum of electromagnetic radiation with variable wavelengths and frequency, which in turn imparts different characteristics.
What is the main source of electromagnetic energy?
Many sources of electromagnetic radiation come from man-made technology. On the other side of the spectrum, we have ultraviolet radiation, which is emitted by black lights and fluorescent lamps. Of course, the main source of UV rays is the sun, which is also a major source of X-rays.
What are 3 types of electromagnetic energy?
The other types of EM radiation that make up the electromagnetic spectrum are microwaves, infrared light, ultraviolet light, X-rays and gamma-rays. You know more about the electromagnetic spectrum than you may think.
What are the 7 types of electromagnetic waves and their uses?
Though the sciences generally classify EM waves into seven basic types, all are manifestations of the same phenomenon.
- Radio Waves: Instant Communication. …
- Microwaves: Data and Heat. …
- Infrared Waves: Invisible Heat. …
- Visible Light Rays. …
- Ultraviolet Waves: Energetic Light. …
- X-rays: Penetrating Radiation. …
- Gamma Rays: Nuclear Energy.
What is another name for electromagnetic energy?
The energy in electromagnetic waves is sometimes called radiant energy.
How do we use electromagnetic energy?
Up to the end of the microwave spectrum, most all modern conveniences that use electromagnetic energy in one way or another are in the lower frequency region, including millimeter waves, cell phones, WiFi, microwave ovens, space and terrestrial communications, radar for airports and military uses, AM and FM radio, …
Where is electromagnetic energy found?
Electromagnetic (EM) radiation is a form of energy that is all around us and takes many forms, such as radio waves, microwaves, X-rays and gamma rays. Sunlight is also a form of EM energy, but visible light is only a small portion of the EM spectrum, which contains a broad range of electromagnetic wavelengths.
What are sources of electromagnetic waves on earth?
Sources of Electromagnetic Waves
The most important source of electromagnetic waves on Earth is the sun. Electromagnetic waves travel from the sun to Earth across space and provide virtually all the energy that supports life on our planet.
What causes electromagnetic?
Electromagnetic radiation is made when an atom absorbs energy. The absorbed energy causes one or more electrons to change their locale within the atom. When the electron returns to its original position, an electromagnetic wave is produced.
How do you detect electromagnetic waves?
To detect the electric fields, use a conducting rod. The fields cause charges (generally electrons) to accelerate back and forth on the rod, creating a potential difference that oscillates at the frequency of the EM wave and with an amplitude proportional to the amplitude of the wave.
What are the characteristics of electromagnetic force?
The properties of electromagnetic force are as follows:
- It obeys the inverse square law.
- It may be attractive or repulsive in nature.
- It is a long range force.
- The photon is the field particle of electromagnetic force.
- It is about 1036 times stronger than the gravitational force.
What are the characteristics of electromagnetic waves?
What are the Characteristics of Electromagnetic Waves?
- Electromagnetic waves are transverse in nature as they propagate by varying the electric and magnetic fields such that the two fields are perpendicular to each other.
- Accelerated charges are responsible to produce electromagnetic waves.
What is the most important electromagnetic wave?
The most important of these is visible light, which enables us to see. Radio waves have the longest wavelengths of all the electromagnetic waves. They range from around a foot long to several miles long.
What color has highest frequency?
Can electromagnetic waves harm you?
There is no doubt that short-term exposure to very high levels of electromagnetic fields can be harmful to health. … Despite extensive research, to date there is no evidence to conclude that exposure to low level electromagnetic fields is harmful to human health.