Definition: Electromagnetic waves or EM waves are waves that are created as a result of vibrations between an electric field and a magnetic field. In other words, EM waves are composed of oscillating magnetic and electric fields. … They are also perpendicular to the direction of the EM wave.
What are electromagnetic waves kid definition?
Electromagnetic waves are a form of energy waves that have both an electric and magnetic field. Electromagnetic waves are different from mechanical waves in that they can transmit energy and travel through a vacuum. Electromagnetic waves are classified according to their frequency.
How are electromagnetic waves produced?
Electromagnetic waves are created by oscillating charges (which radiate whenever accelerated) and have the same frequency as the oscillation. Since the electric and magnetic fields in most electromagnetic waves are perpendicular to the direction in which the wave moves, it is ordinarily a transverse wave.
What is the definition of electromagnetic in science?
Electromagnetic is used to describe the electrical and magnetic forces or effects produced by an electric current.
What are the 7 types of electromagnetic waves and their uses?
Though the sciences generally classify EM waves into seven basic types, all are manifestations of the same phenomenon.
- Radio Waves: Instant Communication. …
- Microwaves: Data and Heat. …
- Infrared Waves: Invisible Heat. …
- Visible Light Rays. …
- Ultraviolet Waves: Energetic Light. …
- X-rays: Penetrating Radiation. …
- Gamma Rays: Nuclear Energy.
What are the 7 electromagnetic waves and their uses?
The EM spectrum is generally divided into seven regions, in order of decreasing wavelength and increasing energy and frequency. The common designations are: radio waves, microwaves, infrared (IR), visible light, ultraviolet (UV), X-rays and gamma rays.
What are three sources of electromagnetic waves on earth?
Sources of Electromagnetic Radiation
- solar radiation, in other words natural radiation that originates from the sun.
- terrestrial radiation, in other words natural radiation emitted by the Earth’s surface.
- artificial radiation originating from a remote sensing system.
Why electromagnetic wave can travel in vacuum?
An EM wave can travel without a material medium—that is, in a vacuum or space empty of matter—and does not lose energy as it moves. In theory, an EM wave can travel forever. Because they do not need a medium, EM waves can pass through outer space, which is a near vacuum.
How do electromagnetic waves affect you?
At low frequencies, external electric and magnetic fields induce small circulating currents within the body. … The main effect of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields is heating of body tissues. There is no doubt that short-term exposure to very high levels of electromagnetic fields can be harmful to health.
What is another name for electromagnetic energy?
The energy in electromagnetic waves is sometimes called radiant energy.
What does electromagnetic look like?
Electromagnetic waves have crests and troughs similar to those of ocean waves. The distance between crests is the wavelength. The shortest wavelengths are just fractions of the size of an atom, while the longest wavelengths scientists currently study can be larger than the diameter of our planet!
What are the characteristics of an electromagnetic wave?
Characteristics Of Electromagnetic Waves
An accelerated charge produces a time-varying magnetic field which in turn produces a time-varying electric field. Thus, an electromagnetic wave consists of sinusoidal time-varying electric and magnetic fields, and both the fields are perpendicular to each other.
What color has highest frequency?
What are the uses of electromagnetic wave?
Radio waves are used for communication such as television and radio. Radio waves are transmitted easily through air. They do not cause damage if absorbed by the human body, and they can be reflected to change their direction. These properties make them ideal for communications.
What is a wave and what does it do?
Definition of a Wave
Webster’s dictionary defines a wave as: a disturbance or variation that transfers energy progressively from point to point in a medium and that may take the form of an elastic deformation or of a variation of pressure, electric or magnetic intensity, electric potential, or temperature.