Electromagnetic radiation is produced whenever a charged particle, such as an electron, changes its velocity—i.e., whenever it is accelerated or decelerated. The energy of the electromagnetic radiation thus produced comes from the charged particle and is therefore lost by it.
What produces an electromagnetic wave?
Electromagnetic radiation is made when an atom absorbs energy. The absorbed energy causes one or more electrons to change their locale within the atom. When the electron returns to its original position, an electromagnetic wave is produced. … These electrons in these atoms are then in a high energy state.
What emits electromagnetic radiation?
The other types of EM radiation that make up the electromagnetic spectrum are microwaves, infrared light, ultraviolet light, X-rays and gamma-rays. … Fireflies, light bulbs, and stars all emit visible light. Ultraviolet: Ultraviolet radiation is emitted by the Sun and are the reason skin tans and burns.
What produces an electromagnetic wave quizlet?
What produces an electromagnetic wave? An oscillating or accelerating electric charge. “The vibrating electric and magnetic fields regenerate each other to make up an electromagnetic wave which emanates from the vibrating charge.”
Why electromagnetic wave can travel in vacuum?
An EM wave can travel without a material medium—that is, in a vacuum or space empty of matter—and does not lose energy as it moves. In theory, an EM wave can travel forever. Because they do not need a medium, EM waves can pass through outer space, which is a near vacuum.
How can we make electromagnetic waves at home?
Electromagnetic waves are produced whenever electric charges are accelerated. This makes it possible to produce electromagnetic waves by letting an alternating current flow through a wire, an antenna. The frequency of the waves created in this way equals the frequency of the alternating current.
What are the 7 types of radiation?
The EM spectrum is generally divided into seven regions, in order of decreasing wavelength and increasing energy and frequency. The common designations are: radio waves, microwaves, infrared (IR), visible light, ultraviolet (UV), X-rays and gamma rays.
Do baby monitors cause cancer?
The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), an organization that is part of the World Health Organization (WHO), declared in 2011 that all radio frequencies are a possible cause of cancer. Most modern baby monitors use DECT or FHSS technologies that operate on frequencies ranging from 1.89 GHz to 2.4 GHz.
How can I reduce radiation in my home?
5 Tips to Safeguard Against Electromagnetic Radiation
- Disable Wireless Functions. Wireless devices — including routers, printers, tablets, and laptops — all emit a Wi-Fi signal. …
- Replace Wireless With Wired Devices. …
- Keep EMF Sources at a Distance. …
- Use Your Smartphone Safely. …
- Prioritize Sleeping Areas.
How fast do electromagnetic waves travel?
Electromagnetic radiation is a type of energy that is commonly known as light. Generally speaking, we say that light travels in waves, and all electromagnetic radiation travels at the same speed which is about 3.0 * 108 meters per second through a vacuum.
Can electromagnetic waves travel through water?
Electromagnetic propagation through water is very different from propagation through air because of water’s high permittivity and electrical conductivity. Plane wave attenuation is high compared to air, and increases rapidly with frequency.
Which electromagnetic waves have the longest wavelengths?
Radio waves, infrared rays, visible light, ultraviolet rays, X-rays, and gamma rays are all types of electromagnetic radiation. Radio waves have the longest wavelength, and gamma rays have the shortest wavelength.
Why electromagnetic waves do not require any medium to travel?
The electromagnetic waves are not mechanical waves. There are vibrations of electric vector and magnetic vector in them. These vibrations do not need any particles present in the medium for their propagation. That’s why electromagnetic waves do not require any medium for propagation.
How do electromagnetic waves affect us?
At low frequencies, external electric and magnetic fields induce small circulating currents within the body. … The main effect of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields is heating of body tissues. There is no doubt that short-term exposure to very high levels of electromagnetic fields can be harmful to health.
Do electromagnetic waves travel in a straight line?
Electromagnetic radiation travels in a straight line at the speed of light (3 x 108 m/s). Light waves, radio waves, microwaves, X-rays and Gamma rays are some examples of electromagnetic radiation. These waves differ in their wavelength as shown in the electromagnetic spectrum image above.