The electromagnetic spectrum includes, from longest wavelength to shortest: radio waves, microwaves, infrared, optical, ultraviolet, X-rays, and gamma-rays.
What are the 7 types of electromagnetic radiation?
The EM spectrum is generally divided into seven regions, in order of decreasing wavelength and increasing energy and frequency. The common designations are: radio waves, microwaves, infrared (IR), visible light, ultraviolet (UV), X-rays and gamma rays.
What are the 6 types of electromagnetic radiation?
The other types of EM radiation that make up the electromagnetic spectrum are microwaves, infrared light, ultraviolet light, X-rays and gamma-rays. You know more about the electromagnetic spectrum than you may think.
How many types of electromagnetic radiation are there?
Though the sciences generally classify EM waves into seven basic types, all are manifestations of the same phenomenon.
- Radio Waves: Instant Communication. …
- Microwaves: Data and Heat. …
- Infrared Waves: Invisible Heat. …
- Visible Light Rays. …
- Ultraviolet Waves: Energetic Light. …
- X-rays: Penetrating Radiation. …
- Gamma Rays: Nuclear Energy.
What are the types of electromagnetic waves and their uses?
Behaviour and uses of electromagnetic waves
- Radio waves. Radio waves are used for communication such as television and radio. …
- Microwaves. Microwaves are used for cooking food and for satellite communications. …
- Infrared. …
- Visible light. …
- Ultraviolet radiation.
How do you identify radiation type?
To determine the type of radiation (alpha, beta or gamma), first determine the background count rate, then the source count rate with no absorber. Next, place a sheet of paper between the source and the monitor. If the counts are significantly reduced, the source emits alpha particles.
What animals can see radio waves?
No animals can see radio waves (that would require impractical anatomy) but insects have a trichromatic vision skewed toward the UV, and birds (and presumably, other dinosaurs) have well-balanced tetrachromatic vision that lets them see from UV up to extreme near-infrared.
What gives electromagnetic energy?
Electromagnetic radiation is made when an atom absorbs energy. The absorbed energy causes one or more electrons to change their locale within the atom. When the electron returns to its original position, an electromagnetic wave is produced. … These electrons in these atoms are then in a high energy state.
Are radio waves and radiation the same thing?
Radiofrequency (RF) radiation, which includes radio waves and microwaves, is at the low-energy end of the electromagnetic spectrum. It is a type of non-ionizing radiation. Non-ionizing radiation does not have enough energy to remove electrons from an atom. Visible light is another type of non-ionizing radiation.
Which has a higher frequency orange light or blue light?
Blue light has a wavelength of roughly 300 nm, while Orange light has a wavelength of roughly 600 nm. … Blue. A wave of blue light has a shorter wavelength, which implies it has a greater frequency. 3.
Which wave has the longest period?
What are the two types of radiation?
There are two kinds of radiation: non-ionizing radiation and ionizing radiation. Non-ionizing radiation has enough energy to move atoms in a molecule around or cause them to vibrate, but not enough to remove electrons from atoms. Examples of this kind of radiation are radio waves, visible light and microwaves.
Can electromagnetic waves harm you?
There is no doubt that short-term exposure to very high levels of electromagnetic fields can be harmful to health. … Despite extensive research, to date there is no evidence to conclude that exposure to low level electromagnetic fields is harmful to human health.
What is the most important electromagnetic wave?
The most important of these is visible light, which enables us to see. Radio waves have the longest wavelengths of all the electromagnetic waves. They range from around a foot long to several miles long.
What devices use electromagnetic waves?
Electromagnetic waves are ubiquitous in nature (i.e., light) and used in modern technology—AM and FM radio, cordless and cellular phones, garage door openers, wireless networks, radar, microwave ovens, etc. These and many more such devices use electromagnetic waves to transmit data and signals.
What kind of electromagnetic waves are used in cell phones?
Mobile phones communicate by transmitting radio waves through a network of fixed antennas called base stations. Radiofrequency waves are electromagnetic fields, and unlike ionizing radiation such as X-rays or gamma rays, can neither break chemical bonds nor cause ionization in the human body.