Which best describes electromagnetic waves?

Definition: Electromagnetic waves or EM waves are waves that are created as a result of vibrations between an electric field and a magnetic field. In other words, EM waves are composed of oscillating magnetic and electric fields. … They are also perpendicular to the direction of the EM wave.

Which best describes electromagnetic waves moving from gamma rays to radio waves?

Which best describes electromagnetic waves moving from gamma rays to radio waves along the electromagnetic spectrum? Wavelength and frequency decrease. … Wavelength decreases, and frequency increases.

Which is the best description of electromagnetic radiation?

Electromagnetic radiation is an electric and magnetic disturbance traveling through space at the speed of light (2.998 × 108 m/s). It contains neither mass nor charge but travels in packets of radiant energy called photons, or quanta.

How electromagnetic waves are produced?

Electromagnetic waves are created by oscillating charges (which radiate whenever accelerated) and have the same frequency as the oscillation. Since the electric and magnetic fields in most electromagnetic waves are perpendicular to the direction in which the wave moves, it is ordinarily a transverse wave.

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What do all electromagnetic waves have in common?

All electromagnetic waves have two wavefronts, which are an oscillating electric field and an oscillating magnetic field.

Which two electromagnetic waves are useful for diagnosing illness?

Which two electromagnetic waves are useful for diagnosing illnesses? X-rays and radio waves.

What are some uses of electromagnetic energy?

Behaviour and uses of electromagnetic waves

  • Radio waves. Radio waves are used for communication such as television and radio. …
  • Microwaves. Microwaves are used for cooking food and for satellite communications. …
  • Infrared. …
  • Visible light. …
  • Ultraviolet radiation.

What are the 7 electromagnetic waves in order?

This range is known as the electromagnetic spectrum. The EM spectrum is generally divided into seven regions, in order of decreasing wavelength and increasing energy and frequency. The common designations are: radio waves, microwaves, infrared (IR), visible light, ultraviolet (UV), X-rays and gamma rays.

How do you detect electromagnetic waves?

To detect the electric fields, use a conducting rod. The fields cause charges (generally electrons) to accelerate back and forth on the rod, creating a potential difference that oscillates at the frequency of the EM wave and with an amplitude proportional to the amplitude of the wave.

What are three sources of electromagnetic waves on earth?

Sources of Electromagnetic Radiation

  • solar radiation, in other words natural radiation that originates from the sun.
  • terrestrial radiation, in other words natural radiation emitted by the Earth’s surface.
  • artificial radiation originating from a remote sensing system.

Why electromagnetic wave can travel in vacuum?

An EM wave can travel without a material medium—that is, in a vacuum or space empty of matter—and does not lose energy as it moves. In theory, an EM wave can travel forever. Because they do not need a medium, EM waves can pass through outer space, which is a near vacuum.

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What exactly is an electromagnetic wave?

Definition: Electromagnetic waves or EM waves are waves that are created as a result of vibrations between an electric field and a magnetic field. In other words, EM waves are composed of oscillating magnetic and electric fields. … They are also perpendicular to the direction of the EM wave.

How do phones use electromagnetic waves?

Mobile phones communicate by transmitting radio waves through a network of fixed antennas called base stations. Radiofrequency waves are electromagnetic fields, and unlike ionizing radiation such as X-rays or gamma rays, can neither break chemical bonds nor cause ionization in the human body.

Which electromagnetic waves can our eyes detect?

Visible light is the light that we can see, and thus is the only light detectable by the human eye. White light is visible light, and it contains all the colors of the rainbow, from red to violet. The range of visible wavelengths is 400 to 700 nanometers.

What are the characteristics of an electromagnetic wave?

Characteristics Of Electromagnetic Waves

An accelerated charge produces a time-varying magnetic field which in turn produces a time-varying electric field. Thus, an electromagnetic wave consists of sinusoidal time-varying electric and magnetic fields, and both the fields are perpendicular to each other.

A magnetic field