Electromagnetic radiation, in classical physics, the flow of energy at the universal speed of light through free space or through a material medium in the form of the electric and magnetic fields that make up electromagnetic waves such as radio waves, visible light, and gamma rays.
What are electromagnetic waves kid definition?
Electromagnetic waves are a form of energy waves that have both an electric and magnetic field. Electromagnetic waves are different from mechanical waves in that they can transmit energy and travel through a vacuum. Electromagnetic waves are classified according to their frequency.
What are the 4 types of electromagnetic radiation?
The electromagnetic spectrum
- Gamma radiation.
- X-ray radiation.
- Ultraviolet radiation.
- Visible light.
- Infrared radiation.
- Microwave radiation.
- Radio waves.
What is electromagnetic radiation answer?
Electromagnetic radiation is a stream of photons that travels in a wave-like pattern, carrying energy, and moving at the speed of light. The electromagnetic spectrum is the range of all types of electromagnetic radiation, including visible light, infrared light, ultraviolet light, X-rays, and gamma rays.
What are the 7 types of electromagnetic radiation?
The EM spectrum is generally divided into seven regions, in order of decreasing wavelength and increasing energy and frequency. The common designations are: radio waves, microwaves, infrared (IR), visible light, ultraviolet (UV), X-rays and gamma rays.
What are the 7 types of electromagnetic waves and their uses?
Though the sciences generally classify EM waves into seven basic types, all are manifestations of the same phenomenon.
- Radio Waves: Instant Communication. …
- Microwaves: Data and Heat. …
- Infrared Waves: Invisible Heat. …
- Visible Light Rays. …
- Ultraviolet Waves: Energetic Light. …
- X-rays: Penetrating Radiation. …
- Gamma Rays: Nuclear Energy.
What are the 2 types of radiation?
There are two kinds of radiation: non-ionizing radiation and ionizing radiation. Non-ionizing radiation has enough energy to move atoms in a molecule around or cause them to vibrate, but not enough to remove electrons from atoms. Examples of this kind of radiation are radio waves, visible light and microwaves.
What are the 5 types of radiation?
The radiation one typically encounters is one of four types: alpha radiation, beta radiation, gamma radiation, and x radiation. Neutron radiation is also encountered in nuclear power plants and high-altitude flight and emitted from some industrial radioactive sources.
How do you identify radiation type?
To determine the type of radiation (alpha, beta or gamma), first determine the background count rate, then the source count rate with no absorber. Next, place a sheet of paper between the source and the monitor. If the counts are significantly reduced, the source emits alpha particles.
What are two natural sources of electromagnetic radiation?
Stars and lightning are natural sources of radio waves, but these are also produced by the antenna on a radio transmitter. Many sources of electromagnetic radiation come from man-made technology. On the other side of the spectrum, we have ultraviolet radiation, which is emitted by black lights and fluorescent lamps.
What are the characteristics of electromagnetic radiation?
Properties of Electromagnetic Radiation
These magnetic and electric waves travel perpendicular to each other and have some characteristics like wavelength, amplitude, and frequency.
How electromagnetic waves are produced?
Electromagnetic waves are created by oscillating charges (which radiate whenever accelerated) and have the same frequency as the oscillation. Since the electric and magnetic fields in most electromagnetic waves are perpendicular to the direction in which the wave moves, it is ordinarily a transverse wave.
What types of radiation are not harmful?
Alpha, beta, and gamma rays also cause damage to living matter, in varying degrees. Alpha particles have a very small absorption range, and thus are usually not harmful to life, unless ingested, due to its high ionizing power.
Which radiation has the highest energy?
What are the 3 types of radiation?
The three most common types of radiation are alpha particles, beta particles, and gamma rays.