The magnetic dipole moment (µ) is a vector defined as µ = i A whose direction is perpendicular to A and determined by the right-hand rule. Like a compass needle, the magnetic moment (µ) will seek to align with an externally applied magnetic field (Bo).
Is magnetic dipole moment a vector quantity?
The magnetic dipole moment of an object is readily defined in terms of the torque that object experiences in a given magnetic field. … The magnetic moment may be considered, therefore, to be a vector. The direction of the magnetic moment points from the south to north pole of the magnet (inside the magnet).
What is meant by magnetic dipole moment?
A magnetic moment is a quantity that represents the magnetic strength and orientation of a magnet or any other object that produces a magnetic field. Magnetic dipole moments have dimensions of current times area or energy divided by magnetic flux density. …
What is formula of magnetic dipole moment?
Definition. It can be defined as a vector linking the aligning torque on the object from an outside applied a magnetic field to the field vector itself. The relationship is written by. tau=m×B. Where τ is the torque acting on the dipole, B is the outside magnetic field, and m is the magnetic moment.
Is magnetic moment and magnetic dipole moment same?
The magnetic dipole moment, often simply called the magnetic moment, may be defined then as the maximum amount of torque caused by magnetic force on a dipole that arises per unit value of surrounding magnetic field in vacuum. In summary, if you read carefully, both the definitions actually defined the same quantity.
Is current is a vector quantity?
Electric current is a scalar quantity. Any physical quantity is termed as a vector quantity when the quantity has magnitude and direction. … Therefore, an electric current is a scalar quantity although it possesses magnitude and direction.
Is work scalar or vector?
Work is nothing but the energy generated. Work has only a magnitude but no direction. The formula for work is written as a dot product of force and displacement. Therefore, work is a scalar quantity.
How is magnetic dipole moment measured?
BACKGROUND. The magnetic dipole moment of a substance (how well it acts as a magnet) can be determined by suspending a sample of the substance on a torsion fiber and measuring the period of the oscillations of the sample in an applied magnetic field.
What does dipole mean?
1a : a pair of equal and opposite electric charges or magnetic poles of opposite sign separated especially by a small distance. b : a body or system (such as a molecule) having such charges or poles.
What is the origin of magnetic moment?
The magnetism of solid is originated from the electrons of atoms. Electrons are making orbital motions and spin rotations. The magnetic moment generated from the orbital or spin motion of a single electron is called Bohr magnetron, which is the smallest unit of magnetic moment of solids. …
What is the symbol for magnetic moment?
τ=p×B. The SI unit for magnetic moment is clearly N m T−1. τ=IA×B.
What is the smallest unit of magnetic field?
The SI unit for magnetic field is the Tesla, which can be seen from the magnetic part of the Lorentz force law Fmagnetic = qvB to be composed of (Newton x second)/(Coulomb x meter). A smaller magnetic field unit is the Gauss (1 Tesla = 10,000 Gauss).
What is the magnetic moment of k3 FeF6?
What is the magnetic moment of K3[FeF6] ? =√35=5.91B. M.